Institutional Framework for Environmental Protection
A number of institutions and organizations have been designated to carry out activities that could facilitate the protection of environment in Nigeria. The Federal Ministry of Environment coordinates the activities of these institutions. The creation of the Ministry is a deliberate design by the Federal Government to achieve a well-articulated, effective and efficient outfit that will adequately address and manage environmental issues in Nigeria in a holistic manner, devoid of duplication of efforts and competition among various government agencies.
The Federal Ministry of Environment has the responsibility to control land degradation including soil erosion, combat desertification, abate pollution, and embark on reforestation and conservation of biological diversity. The Ministry has the overall responsibility for the protection and conservation of the environment and its sustenance. At the state level, equivalent bodies have been established for the protection of biological diversity and general environmental management. There has also been a marked increase in the number of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) that are concerned with the environment and its protection.
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