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ENVIROMENTAL LAW RESEARCH INSTITUTE

A SYNOPSIS OF LAWS AND REGULATIONS ON THE ENVIRONMENT IN NIGERIA
The role of legislation in inducing responsible attitudes and behaviours towards the environment cannot be overlooked. Legislation serves as an effective instrument for environmental protection, planning, pollution, prevention and control. The following provides a summary of Nigerian legislation on the environment.
-           The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (1999)  
-           National Environmental Standards and Regulations   Enforcement Agency (NESREA) Act
-           Environmental Impact Assessment Act
-           The Land Use Act
-           Harmful Waste (Special Criminal Provisions) Act
-           Hydrocarbon Oil Refineries Act
-           Associated Gas re-injection Act
-           The Endangered Species Act
-           Sea Fisheries Act
-           Exclusive Economic Zone Act
-           Oil Pipelines Act
-           Petroleum Act
-           Petroleum Products and Distribution (Management Board) Act
-           Territorial Waters Act
-           Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection Act
-           Nigerian Mining Corporation Act
-           Quarantine Act
-           River Basins Development Authority Act
-           Pest Control of Production (special powers) Act
-           Agricultural (Control of Importation) Act
-           Animal Diseases (control) Act
-           Bees (Impact Control and Management) Act
-           Civil Aviation Act
-           Factories Act
-           Water Resources Act  
-           Hides and Skins Act
-           Federal National Park Act
-           Niger-Delta Development Commission (NDDC) Act.
CONSTITUTION OF THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA (1999)
The constitution, as the national legal order, recognizes the importance of improving and protecting the environment and makes provision for it. Relevant sections are:
  • Section 20 makes it an objective of the Nigerian State to improve and protect the air, land, water, forest and wildlife of Nigeria.
  • Section 12 establishes, though impliedly, that international treaties (including environmental treaties) ratified by the National Assembly should be implemented as law in Nigeria.
  • Section 33 and 34 which guarantee fundamental human rights to life and human dignity respectively, have also being argued to be linked to the need for a healthy and safe environment to give these rights effect.
NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS AND REGULATION ENFORCEMENT AGENCY (NESREA) ACT 2007
Administered by the Ministry of Environment, the National Environment Standards and Regulation Enforcement Agency (NESREA) Act of 2007 replaced the Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA) Act. It is the embodiment of laws and regulations focused on the protection and sustainable development of the environment and its natural resources. The following sections are worth noting:-
  • Section 7 provides authority to ensure compliance with environmental laws, local and international, on environmental sanitation and pollution prevention and control through monitory and regulatory measures.
  • Section 8 (1)(K) empowers the Agency to make and review regulations on air and water quality, effluent limitations, control of harmful substances and other forms of environmental pollution and sanitation.
  • Section 27 prohibits, without lawful authority, the discharge of hazardous substances into the environment. This offence is punishable under this section, with a fine not exceeding, N1,000,000 (One Million Naira) and an imprisonment term of 5 years. In the case of a company, there is an additional fine of N50,000, for every day the offence persists.
REGULATIONS (UNDER NESREA)

National Effluent Limitation Regulations.

  • Section 1 (1) requires industry facilities to have anti-pollution equipment for the treatment of effluent.
  • Section 3 (2) requires a submission to the agency of a composition of the industry’s treated effluents.
  • National Environment Protection (Pollution Abatement in Industries and Facilities producing Waste) Regulations (1991). 
  • Section 1 Prohibits the release of hazardous substances into the air, land or water of Nigeria beyond approved limits set by the Agency.
  • Section 4 and 5 requires industries to report a discharge if it occurs and to submit a comprehensive list of chemicals used for production to the Agency.

Federal Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Regulations (1991). 

  • Section 1 makes it an obligation for industries to identify solid hazardous wastes which are dangerous to public health and the environment and to research into the possibility of their recycling.
  • Section 20 makes notification of any discharge to the Agency mandatory.
  • Section 108 stipulates penalties for contravening any regulation.
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA) ACT.  CAP E12, LFN 2004.  

An Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is an assessment of the potential impacts whether positive or negative, of a proposed project on the natural environment:
The E.I.A Act, as it is informally called, deals with the considerations of environmental impact in respect of public and private projects.
Sections relevant to environmental emergency prevention under the EIA include:-

  • Section 2 (1) requires an assessment of public or private projects likely to have a significant (negative) impact on the environment.
  • Section 2 (4) requires an application in writing to the Agency before embarking on projects for their environmental assessment to determine approval.
  • Section 13 establishes cases where an EIA is required and
  • Section 60 creates a legal liability for contravention of any provision.

THE NIGERIAN URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING ACT
CAP N138, LFN 2004
The Urban and Regional Planning Act is aimed at overseeing a realistic, purposeful planning of the country to avoid overcrowding and poor environmental conditions. In this regard, the following sections become instructive:-

  • Section 30 (3) requires a building plan to be drawn by a registered architect or town planner.
  • Section 39 (7) establishes that an application for land development would be rejected if such development would harm the environment or constitute a nuisance to the community.
  • Section 59 makes it an offence to disobey a stop-work order. The punishment under this section, is a fine not exceeding N10, 000 (Ten thousand naira) and in the case of a company, a fine not exceeding N50, 000.
  • Section 72 provides for the preservation and planting of trees for environmental conservation.
LAND USE ACT
CAP 202, LFN 2004
The Land Use Act places the ownership, management and control of land in each state of the federation in the Governor. Land is therefore allocated with his authority for commercial, agricultural and other purposes.

HARMFUL WASTE (SPECIAL CRIMINAL PROVISIONS) ACT
CAP H1, LFN 2004
The Harmful Waste Act prohibits, without lawful authority, the carrying, dumping or depositing of harmful waste in the air, land or waters of Nigeria. The following sections are notable:

  • Section 6 provides for a punishment of life imprisonment for offenders as well as the forfeiture of land or anything used to commit the offence.
  • Section 7 makes provision for the punishment accordingly, of any conniving, consenting or negligent officer where the offence is committed by a company.
  • Section 12 defines the civil liability of any offender. He would be liable to persons who have suffered injury as a result of his offending act.

HYDROCARBON OIL REFINERIES ACT, CAP H5, LFN 2004.
The Hydrocarbon Oil Refineries Act is concerned with the licensing and control of refining activities. Relevant sections include the following:-

  • Section 1 prohibits any unlicensed refining of hydrocarbon oils in places other than a refinery.
  • Section 9 requires refineries to maintain pollution prevention facilities.   

OIL IN NAVIGABLE WATERS ACT, CAP 06, LFN 2004.
The Oil in Navigable Waters Act is concerned with the discharge of oil from ships. The following sections are significant:-

  • Section 1 (1) prohibits the discharge of oil from a Nigerian ship into territorial waters or shorelines.
  • Section 3 makes it an offence for a ship master, occupier of land, or operator of apparatus for transferring oil to discharge oil into Nigerian Waters. It also requires the installation of anti-pollution equipment in ships.
  • Section 6 makes punishable such discharge with a fine of N2, 000 (Two thousand naira).
  • Section 7 requires the records of occasions of oil discharge.

ASSOCIATED GAS RE-INJECTION ACT, CAP 20, LFN 2004.
The Associated Gas Re-Injection Act deals with the gas flaring activities of oil and gas companies in Nigeria. The following sections are relevant to pollution prevention:- 

  • Section 3 (1) prohibits, without lawful permission, any oil and gas company from flaring gas in Nigeria. 
  • Section 4 stipulates the penalty for breach of permit conditions.

THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT , CAP E9, LFN 2004.
This Act focuses on the protection and management of Nigeria’s wildlife and some of their species in danger of extinction as a result of overexploitation. These sections are noteworthy:

  • Section 1 prohibits, except under a valid license, the hunting, capture or trade in animal species, either presently or likely to be in danger of extinction.
  • Section 5 defines the liability of any offender under this Act.
  • Section 7 provides for regulations to be made necessary for environmental prevention and control as regards the purposes of this Act.

SEA FISHERIES ACT, CAP S4, LFN 2004.
The Sea Fisheries Act makes it illegal to take or harm fishes within Nigerian waters by use of explosives, poisonous or noxious substances.
Relevant sections include the following:- 

  • Section 1 prohibits any unlicensed operation of motor fishing boats within Nigerian waters.
  • Section 10 makes destruction of fishes punishable with a fine of  N50,000 or an imprisonment term of 2 years.
  • Section 14 (2) provides authority to make for the protection and conservation of sea fishes.

INLAND FISHERIES ACT, CAP I10, LFN 2004.
Focused on the protection of the water habitat and its species, the following sections are instructive:

  • Section 1 prohibits unlicensed operations of motor fishing boats within the inland waters of Nigeria.
  • Section 6 prohibits the taking or destruction of fish by harmful means. This offence is punishable with a fine of N3, 000 or an imprisonment term of 2 years or both.

EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE ACT, CAP E11, LFN 2004.
The Exclusive Economic Zone Act makes it illegal to explore or exploit natural resources within the Exclusive zone without lawful authority. The Federal Government regulates the activities of the Exclusive Zone.

 

OIL PIPELINES ACT, CAP 07, LFN 2004.
The Oil Pipelines Act and its Regulations guide oil activities. The following sections are pertinent;

  • Section 11 (5) creates a civil liability on the person who owns or is in charge of an oil pipeline. He would be liable to pay compensation to anyone who suffers physical or economic injury as a result of a break or leak in his pipelines.
  • Section 17 (4) establishes that grant of licenses are subject to regulations concerning public safety and prevention of land and water pollution.

OIL PIPELINES REGULATIONS (UNDER OIL PIPELINES ACT)

  • Section 9 (1) (b) establishes the requirement of environmental emergency plans.
  • Section 26 makes punishable any contravention with a fine of N500,000 and/or an imprisonment term of six months.

PETROLEUM ACT, CAP P10, LFN 2004.
The Petroleum Act and its Regulations remain the primary legislation on oil and gas activities in Nigeria. It promotes public safety and environmental protection. The following sections are relevant:

  • Section 9 (1) (b) provides authority to make regulations on operations for the prevention of air and water pollution.

 

REGULATIONS

PETROLEUM DRILLING AND PRODUCTION REGULATIONS:

  • Section 17 (1) (b) places restrictions on licensees from using land within fifty yards of any building, dam, reservoir, public road, etc.     
  • Section 23 and 27 prohibits, without lawful permission, the cut down of trees in forest reserves.
  • Section 25 establishes that reasonable measures be taken to prevent water pollution and to end it, if it occurs.

PETROLEUM REFINING REGULATION

  • Section 43 (3) requires the Manager of a refinery to take measures to prevent and control pollution of the environment.
  • Section 45 makes any contravention punishable with a fine of N100 or an imprisonment term of six months.

MINERAL OIL SAFETY REGULATIONS AND CRUDE OIL TRANSPORTATION AND SHIPMENT REGULATIONS.

These Regulations prescribe precautions to be taken in the production, loading, transfer and storage of petroleum products to prevent environmental pollution.

 

PETROLEUM PRODUCTS AND DISTRIBUTION ACT, CAP P12, LFN 2004.
Under this Act, the offence of sabotage which could result in environmental pollution is punishable with a death sentence or an imprisonment term not exceeding 21 years.

 

TERRITORIAL WATERS ACT, CAP T5, LFN 2004.
The Territorial Waters Act makes punishable any act or omission committed within Nigerian waters which would be an offence under any other existing law.


NUCLEAR SAFETY AND RADIATION PROTECTION ACT, CAP N142, LFN 2004.
The Act is concerned with the regulation of the use of radioactive substances and equipment emitting and generating ionizing radiation. In particular:

  • Section 4 provides authority to make regulations for the protection of the environment from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation.
  • Section 15 and 16 makes registration of premises and the restriction of ionizing radiation sources to those premises mandatory.  
  • Section 37 (1) (b) allows an inspector verify records of activities that pertain to the environment.
  • Section 40 clarifies that the same regulations guiding the transportation of dangerous goods by air, land or water should also apply to the transportation of radioactive substances.

NIGERIAN MINING CORPORATION ACT. CAP N120, LFN 2004.
This Act establishes the Nigerian Mining Corporation. It has authority to engage in mining refining activities and to construct and maintain roads, dams, reservoirs, etc. In particular:

  • Section 16 creates a civil liability on the corporation for the physical or economic damage suffered by any person as a result of its activities.

QUARANTINE ACT, CAP Q2, LFN 2004.
The Quarantine Act provides authority to make regulations for preventing the introduction, spread and transmission of infectious diseases such as cholera, yellow fever, typhus, etc.
Under this Act, violation of any regulation is punishable with a fine of N200 or an imprisonment term of 2 years or both.   

 

RIVER BASINS DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY ACT, CAP R9, LFN 2004.
The River Basins Development Authority is concerned with the development of water resources for domestic, industrial and other uses, and the control of floods and erosion.

 

PEST CONTROL PRODUCTION (SPECIAL POWERS) ACT, CAP P9, LFN 2004.
The Pest Control of Production Act is concerned with export produce conditions and pest control. In particular: 

  • Section 1 provides an inspector authority to take emergency measures to control pest infestation of produce.

AGRICULTURE (CONTROL OF IMPORTATION) ACT, CAP A93, LFN 2004.
The Agriculture Act and its Plant (Control of Importation) Regulations are concerned with the control of the spread of plant diseases and pests.
Worth noting is:
Section 6 which allows authorized officers to take emergency control measures, and provides for the recovery of costs and expenses incurred by the officers in controlling the situation.

 

ANIMAL DISEASES (CONTROL) ACT, CAP A17, LFN 2004.
The Animal Disease (Control) Act makes it an offence to import any animal, hatching egg or poultry into Nigerian except under a permit. The following sections are relevant:
Section 5 provides an inspector with the authority to take emergency measures where necessary.
Section 10 stipulates penalties for contravening any regulation.
Section 13 requires owners of trade animals to posses a movement permit and ensure the fitness of their animals.  
Section 20 provides authority to make regulations that prevent and control the spread of animal diseases.

 

BEES (IMPORT CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT) ACT, CAP B6, LFN 2004.
It is an offence, under this Act, to import bees or apicultural materials into Nigeria without a valid permit. A person could also be held liable for exceeding the terms of his permit.

 

CIVIL AVIATION ACT.
CAP C13, LFN 2004.
The Civil Aviation Act promotes public safety by providing regulations to secure the safety of persons and property in the aircraft and others who may be endangered by it.

FACTORIES ACT, CAP F1, LFN 2004.

The Factories Act promotes the safety of workers and professionals exposed to occupational hazards. Under this Act, it is an offence to use unregistered premises for factory purposes. In particular:
Section 13 allows an inspector take emergency measures or request that emergency measures be taken by a person qualified to do so in cases of pollution or any nuisance.

WATER RESOURCES ACT, CAP W2, LFN 2004.
The Water Resources Act is targeted at developing and improving the quantity and quality of water resources. The following sections are pertinent:
Section 5 and 6 provides authority to make pollution prevention plans and regulations for the protection of fisheries, flora and fauna.
Section 18 makes offenders liable, under this Act, to be punished with a fine not exceeding N2000 or an imprisonment term of six months. He would also pay an additional fine of N100 for everyday the offence continues.       

HIDES AND SKINS ACT, CAP H3, LFN 2004. 
The Hides and Skins Act and its Regulations are concerned with the preparation, quality and trade of hides and skins. It prohibits the use of unlicensed premises or enclosure as a place for the preparation or buying of hides and skins for export.

THE FEDERAL NATIONAL PARKS ACT, CAP N65, LFN 2004.
The National Parks Act is concerned with the establishment of protected areas used for resource conservation, water catchments protection, wildlife conservation and maintenance of the national eco-system balance.

NIGER-DELTA DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION (NDDC) ACT, CAP N68, LFN 2004.

The Niger-Delta Development Commission Act is concerned with using allocated funds to tackle ecological problems arising from the exploration of oil minerals in the Delta.
Section 7 (1) (b) empowers the Commission to plan and to implement projects for the sustainable development of the Delta in the field of transportation, health, agriculture, fisheries, urban and housing development, etc.
The Commission, under this Act, has a duty to liaise with oil and gas companies and advice stakeholders on the control of oil spillages, gas flaring and other related forms of environmental pollution.

OTHER LEGISLATION:
Environmental Sanitation Law:
This is a law of Lagos State focused on environmental sanitation and protection. It punishes in varying degrees acts like street obstruction, failure to clean side walks, cover refuse bins or dispose wastes properly.

Environmental Pollution Control Law
Section 12 of this law under the Laws of Lagos State makes it an offence to cause or permit a discharge of raw untreated human waste into any public drain, water course or onto any land or water. This offence is punishable with a fine not exceeding N100, 000 (One hundred thousand naira) and in the case of a company, a fine not exceeding N500, 000.      

CRIMINAL CODE:
The Criminal Code contains provisions for the prevention of public health hazards and for environmental protection. Hence:
Sections 245-248 deal with offences ranging from water fouling, to the use of noxious substances. 

COMPILATION OF INSTITUTIONS & WASTE MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS IN NIGERIA 

As part of proactive measures by government to preserve the environment and protect its inhabitants from hazardous wastes and nuisance, the Nigerian government and several states therein have established various governmental authorities and agencies that would ensure efficient and effective mode of management waste in the country. The following are a list of solid waste management stakeholders and major actors at both the Federal and State level;

  • National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency
  • Federal Ministry of Environment (FMOE)
  • State Ministries of Environment
  • Lagos State Waste Disposal Board (LSWDB)
  • Lagos State Environmental Protection Agency (LASEPA)
  • Lagos State Waste Management Authority(LAWMA)
  • Lagos State Waste management Agency operatives (PSP)
  • Kano State Environmental Protection Agency
  • Oyo State Environmental Protection Commission
  • Ministry of Water Resources
  • National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA)
  • Federal Ministry of Environment, Housing and Urban Development (FMEHUD)
  • Department of Petroleum Resources
  • Kaduna State Environmental Protection Agency
  • State Environmental Protection Agencies (SEPAs)
  • River State Environmental Protection Agency
  • Federal Ministry of Environment, Housing and Urban Development (FMEHUD))
  • Urban Development Board
  • Anambra State Environmental Protection Agency
  • Enugu State Environmental Protection Agency
  • Abuja Environmental Protection Agency
  • Abia State Ministry of Environment, Umuahia
  • Abia State Environmental Protection Agency
  • Adamawa State Ministry of Environment, Yola
  • Akwa Ibom State Ministry of Environment & Mineral Resources, Uyo
  • Anambra State Ministry of Environment, Mineral Resources, Science & Technology, Akwa
  • Bauchi State Environmental Protection Agency, Bauchi
  • Bayelsa State Ministry of Environment
  • Bayelsa State Environmental Sanitation Authority, Yenagoa
  • Benue State Environmental Sanitation Authority (BENSESA), Makurdi
  • Borno State Ministry of Environment, Maiduguri
  • Borno State Rural Water & Sanitation Agency, Maiduguri
  • Cross River Ministry of Environment, Calabar.
  • Delta State Waste Management Board, Asaba
  • Ebonyi State Ministry of Health & Environmental, Abakaliki,
  • Edo State Environmental & Waste Management Board, Benin City
  • Ekiti State Waste Management Board, Ado Ekiti
  • Enugu State Waste Management Authority, Enugu
  • Gombe State Ministry of Water Resources & Environment, Gombe
  • Gombe State Environmental Sanitation & Protection Agency, Gombe
  • Imo State Ministry of Petroleum & Environment, Owerri
  • Imo State Environmental Protection Agency
  • Imo State Bureau for Sanitation & Transport
  • Jigawa State Ministry of Environment, Dutse
  • Jigawa State Rural Water Supply & Sanitation Agency, Dutse.
  • Kaduna State Ministry of Environment & Natural Resources, Kaduna
  • Kaduna State Waste & Sanitation Project, Kaduna
  • Kano State Refuse Management & Sanitation Board (REMASAB), Kano
  • Kano State Rural Water Supply & Sanitation Agency (RUWASA), Kano
  • Katsina State Rural Water Supply & Sanitation Agency, Katsina
  • Kebbi State Ministry of Environment, Birnin Kebbi
  • Kogi State Ministry of Environment & Physical Planning Development, Lokoja
  • Kogi State Environmental Protection Board, Lokoja
  • Kogi State Sanitation & Water Management Board, Lokoja
  • Kwara State Ministry of Environment & Tourism, Ilorin
  • Kwara State Environmental Protection Agency, Ilorin
  • Niger State Environmental Protection Agency, Minna
  • Ogun State Ministry of Environment – Abeokuta
  • Ogun State Environmental Protection Agency, Abeokuta
  • Ondo State Waste Management Authority, Akure
  • Osun State Ministry of Environment, Osogbo
  • Osun State Environmental Protection Agency, Osogbo
  • Oyo State Ministry of Environment & Water Resources, Ibadan
  • Ibadan Waste Management Authority, Ibadan
  • Plateau Rural Water Supply & Sanitation Agency, Jos
  • Plateau State Environmental Protection & Sanitation Agency, Jos
  • River State Ministry of Environment, Port Harcourt
  • River State Environmental Sanitation Authority, Port Harcourt
  • Taraba State Environmental Protection Agency, Jalingo
  • Taraba State Rural Water Supply & Environmental Sanitation Agency, Jalingo
  • Yobe State Ministry of Environment, Damaturu
  • Yobe State Environmental Protection Agency, Damaturu
  • Zamfara State Ministry of Environment & Solid Minerals Development, Zamfara
  • Waste Management Society of Nigeria
  • Waste Management Society of Nigeria, Akwa Ibom
  • Waste Management Society of Nigeria, Benue State
  • Waste Management Society of Nigeria, Kano State
  • Waste Management Society of Nigeria, Lagos State
  • Waste Management Society of Nigeria, Niger State
  • Waste Management Society of Nigeria, Delta State
  • Waste Management Society of Nigeria, Ondo State
  • Waste Management Society of Nigeria, FCT

  STATUTORY REGULATIONS GUIDING SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA

  • THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT AGENCY ACT 2007 (NESREA ACT)

After the repealing of the Federal Environmental Protection Act of 1988, the NESREA Act, 2007 became the major statutory regulation or instrument guiding environmental matters in Nigeria. It specially makes provision for solid waste management and its administration and prescribes sanction for offences or acts which run contrary to proper and adequate waste disposal procedures and practices.

  • ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT ACT OF 1992

The purpose of the EIA Act is to among other things establish before a decision taken by any person, authority corporate body or unincorporated body including the Government of the Federation, State or Local Government intending to undertake or authorise the undertaking of any activity that may likely or to a significant extent affect the environment. Such activities include the disposal of solid waste in the environment.

  • NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL (SANITATION AND WASTES CONTROL) REGULATIONS, 2009

This regulation that was promulgated in 2009 among other things makes adequate provisions for waste control and environmental sanitation including punishments in cases of malfeasances.

  • THE HARMFUL WASTE (SPECIAL CRIMINAL PROVISIONS, ETC) ACT

The Decree prohibits the Carrying, depositing and dumping of harmful waste on any land, territorial Waters, contagious zone, Exclusive Economic Zone of Nigeria or its inland Water ways and prescribes severe penalties for any person found guilty of any Crime relating thereto.

  • THE NEP (POLLUTION ABATEMENT IN INDUSTRIES AND FACILITIES GENERATING WASTE) REGULATIONS

Restrictions are imposed hereunder on the release of toxic substances and requirement of Stipulated Monitoring of pollution to ensure permissible limits are not exceeded; Unusual and accidental discharges; Contingency plans; Generator's liabilities; Strategies of waste reduction and safety for workers.

  • THE MANAGEMENT OF SOLID AND HAZARDOUS WASTES REGULATIONS

These regulate the collection, treatment and disposal of solid and hazardous waste for municipal and industrial sources and give the comprehensive list of chemicals and chemical waste by toxicity categories.

  • THE NATIONAL OIL SPILL DETECTION AND RESPONSE AGENCY ACT 2005 (NOSDRA ACT)

This statutory regulation makes adequate regulations on waste emanating from oil production and exploration and its potential consequences to the environment.

  • THE NATIONAL EFFLUENTS LIMITATIONS REGULATION

This instrument makes it mandatory that industrial facilities install anti-pollution equipment, make provision for further effluent treatment, prescribe maximum limit of effluent parameters allowed for discharge, and spell out penalties for contravention.

  • THE NATIONAL GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION CONTROL IN NIGERIA.

This was launched on March 12th 1991 and represents the basic instrument for monitoring and controlling industrial and urban pollution.

  • NATIONAL POLICY ON ENVIRONMENT

Launched by Government on 27th November 1989, this document prescribe guideline and strategies for achieving the Policy Goal of Sustainable Development

OTHER REGULATIONS AT STATE LEVEL

  • Lagos State Waste Disposal Law
  • Lagos State Environmental Protection Agency (LASEPA) Law
  • Lagos State Waste Management Authority(LAWMA) Law
  • Kano State Environmental Protection Agency Law
  • Oyo State Environmental Protection Agency Law
  • Kaduna State Environmental Protection Agency
  • River State Environmental Protection Agency Law
  • Anambra State Environmental Protection Agency Law
  • Enugu State Environmental Protection Agency Law
  • Abuja Environmental Protection Agency Law
  • Imo State Environmental Protection Agency Law
  • Abia State Environmental Protection Law
  • Bauchi State Environmental Protection Agency Law
  • Bayelsa State Environmental Sanitation Authority Law
  • Benue State Environmental Sanitation Authority (BENSESA) Law
  • Borno State Rural Water & Sanitation Agency Law
  • Delta State Waste Management Law
  • Edo State Environmental & Waste Management Law
  • Ekiti State Waste Management Law
  • Enugu State Waste Management Authority Law
  • Gombe State Environmental Sanitation & Protection Agency Law
  • Imo State Bureau For Sanitation & Transport Law
  • Jigawa State Rural Water Supply & Sanitation Agency Law
  • Kaduna State Waste & Sanitation Law
  • Kano State Refuse Management & Sanitation (REMASA) Law
  • Kano State Rural Water Supply & Sanitation Agency Law
  • Katsina State Rural Water Supply & Sanitation Agency Law
  • Kogi State Environmental Protection Law
  • Kogi State Sanitation & Water Management Law
  • Kwara State Environmental Protection Agency Law
  • Imo State Environmental Protection Agency Amendment Law
  • Niger State Environmental Protection Agency Law
  • Ogun State Environmental Protection Agency Law Of 1995
  • Ondo State Waste Management Authority Law
  • Osun State Environmental Protection Agency Law
  • Ibadan Waste Management Authority Law
  • Plateau Rural Water Supply & Sanitation Agency Law
  • Plateau State Environmental Protection & Sanitation Agency Law
  • Taraba State Environmental Protection Agency Law
  • Taraba State Rural Water Supply & Environmental Sanitation Agency Law
  • Yobe State Environmental Protection Agency Law
  • Ibadan Waste Management Authority (IWMA)
  • The National Environmental Standards And Regulations Enforcement Agency, Kebbi